Baxter
Bar Left EndBar Blank SectionBar Right End

Home       Name List       Maps       Group Photos       Log In       Contact Us       About Us       Tell-A-Friend       Help       Search

The Life and Times of
George W. Baxter

This Time Line of the life and times of George W. Baxter is designed to include His primary personal and immediate family member life events (shown below in red) along with the context of universal cultural, social, political, military, economic, and health events of those times plus the concurrent technological innovations that may have impacted the lives of George W. Baxter and His immediate family members during His lifetime. It is hoped that reviewing His known personal life events within the context of these other various contemporary influences upon His life will help you better understand and appreciate life and times of George W. Baxter.

Return to the George W. Baxter Information Page

1840's

Concord grapes introduced

Inauguration of President Zachary Taylor 1849

1850's

1850 - 1865 Taiping Rebellion

A new way of thinking develops in German science, which maintains that people are similar to complex machines. It does nothing to take into account the spiritual basis of man. This thinking becomes the basis for experiments in psychology in order to discover the nature of humans and how to program them. The work of Wundt is the primary source of these ideas. American elite begin to come to Germany to study this way of thinking.

British physician presents a paper detailing microscopic examination of food products to the US . The paper revealed that all food products examined in Britain were adulterated with foreign substances, including chemicals. Hearings periodically held for decades.

Homeopathic college founded in Cleveland, Ohio.

Modern marshmallows introduced

US prison population is 29 per100,000 (This goes up to 250 per 100,000 by 1994).

1853 Chloroform first used as anesthetic in England.

1853 Dr. Isaac Brown, a prominent British surgeon and president of the Medical Society of London, creates a surgical procedure to remove the clitoris from women on the grounds that "masturbation caused epilepsy and convulsive diseases."

1853 First use of hypodermic needle for subcutaneous injection.

1853 Smallpox epidemic in England.

In England, the Compulsory Vaccination Act . From 1853 to 1860, vaccination reached 75% of the live births and more than 90% of the population.

Inauguration of President Franklin Pierce 1853

Potato chips introduced

Birth

George W. Baxter born during December 1854

1854 - 1856 Crimean War.

1

1855 Compulsory nature of Massachusetts vaccination statute firm, and a pre- condition for school admittance. Statutes created in the belief it would "protect children from smallpox."

1855 Outbreak of cholera in England.

2

Condensed milk introduced

3

1857 - 1901 Caste War of Yucat?n

1857 Vaccination in England enforced by fines. Smallpox epidemic begins in England that lasts until 1859. Over 14,000 die.

Inauguration of President James Buchanan 1857

4

1858 England experiences a 7 year epidemic of Pertussis (ending in 1865) in which 120,000 die.

5

1859 - 1860 Italian Independence War

1869 Mohandas Gandhi born

Darwin publishes The Origin of Species

Rumford Baking Powder introduced

1860's

6

His wife, Margaret A. Harbison Baxter, born during February 1860

Fish & chips introduced

Introduction of antibiotics and immunization into the US.

7

1861 - 1865 American Civil War in the United States

First Inauguration of President Abraham Lincoln March 4, 1861

The Battle Hymn of the Republic

The Constitution of the Confederate States of America March 11, 1861

The Declaration of Causes of seceding states Winter 1861

8

His mother, Eliza Jane Adams Baxter, died during 1862

December 1682 Henry de Tonti made Governor of Illinois by France.

McClellan's Letter to President Lincoln July 7, 1862

Vernor's Ginger Ale & Gulden's mustard introduced

9

1863 Second major epidemic of smallpox in England lasts until 1865. 20,000 die.

Breakfast cereal introduced

The Gettysburg Address Nov. 19, 1863

10

1864 Pasteur invents pasteurization process for wine.

1864 Second war of Schleswig

The Emancipation Proclamation 1864

11

His wife, Emily Frances Bailey (or McAnally) Stephens Baxter, born during 1865

1865 George Peabody (Rothschilds) conceives of "tax exempt charitable foundation".

1865 U.S. President Lincoln assassinated

Second Inauguration of President Abraham Lincoln 1865

12

1866 - 1868 Red Cloud's War between the Lakota and the United States

1866 Austro-Prussian War (aka Seven Weeks War)

13

1867 Joseph Lister introduces sanitation into surgery,over the objections of leading English surgeons.

Appeal to Congress for Impartial Suffrage by Frederick Douglass Jan. 1867

Underwood Deviled Ham introduced

Vaccination Act of 1867 in England begins to elicit protest from the population and increase in the number of anti-vaccination groups. It compelled the vaccination of a baby within the first 90 days of its life. Those who objected would be continually badgered by magistrates and fined until the child turned 14. The law was passed on the assurance of medical officials that smallpox vaccinations were safe.

14

Tabasco sauce & Fleischmann's Yeast introduced

15

Conference of the British Medical Association devotes its surgery discussions to an attack on antiseptic theory and the work of Lister.

First Inauguration of President Ulysses S. Grant 1869

1870's

16

1870 - 1871 Franco-Prussian War

1870 Third major smallpox epidemic in England begins and lasts until 1872. Over 44,800 die.

Margarine introduced

17

1871 Kaiser Wilhelm I declares a German Empire

1871 Worldwide epidemic of smallpox begins. Claims 8 million people worldwide.

In Bavaria, Germany, vaccination is compulsory and re-vaccination is commonplace. Out of 30,472 cases of smallpox, 29,429 had been vaccinated.

In Birmingham, England from 1871 to 1874, there were 7,706 cases of smallpox. Out of these, 6,795 had been vaccinated.

Select committee of the Privy Council convened to inquire into the Vaccination Act of 1867 (England), as 97.5% of the people who died from smallpox were vaccinated for it.

18

1872 - 1873 Modoc War between the Modoc and the United States

Japan institutes compulsory smallpox vaccination. Within 20 years 165,000 smallpox cases manifest themselves.

Philadelphia cream cheese & Graham crackers introduced

19

Second Inauguration of President Ulysses S. Grant 1873

21

George W. Baxter married Margaret A. Harbison Baxter on March 13, 1875

California raisins introduced

Public Health Act of 1875 in England promotes sanitary conditions.

22

His daughter, Nevada Gertrude Baxter Madden, born on February 05, 1876

1876 - 1877 Black Hills War between the Lakota and the United States

Heinz Ketchup introduced

23

1877 - 1878 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78

Bicycles begin to be mass produced in the United States in 1877

Inauguration of President Rutherford B. Hayes 1877

24

Louis Pasteur tells his family never to show anyone his lab notebooks. His last surviving grandson donated the documents to the Bibiotheque Nationale in Paris in 1964. Later, historians would begin to examine Pasteurs notes and would find evidence of potential scientific misconduct and a large degree of dubious human experimentation.

25

1879 Joseph Stalin born

Saccharin introduced

1880's

26

1880 Recorded death rate from diabetes in Denmark is 1.8 per 100,000. (This will go up to 8 per100.00 in 1911 and 19 per 100,000 in 1934).

Beginning of a 20 year period where elite American students of Wundt in Germany return and become heads of psychology departments at Harvard, University of Pennsylvania, Cornell and all major universities and colleges. Wundt trains James Cattell, who returns to the US and trains over 300 in the Wundtian system which, with help from the Carnegie and Rockefeller foundations, eventually assume control of psychological testing in the United States for all the soldiers of the First World War.

Salt water taffy & French dressing introduced

Smallpox vaccinations start in the United States.

Sweden consumption of refined sugar 12 pounds per person annually. (This will go up to 120 lb per person annually in 1929).

The League of American Wheelmean is founded and begins producing maps and handbooks of the eastern U.S. in 1880

27

1881 President Garfield assassinated

Inauguration of President James Garfield 1881

28

1882 Koch isolates the TB Bacillus. TB death rate 370 per 100,000.

30

1884 In England, more that 1700 children vaccinated for smallpox die of syphillis.

31

His son, William Walter Baxter, born during September 1885

1885 General vaccination program against rabies begins in the United States.

First Inauguration of President Grover Cleveland 1885

Milk shakes & Dr Pepper & evaporated milk introduced

32

His daughter, Ada Viola Baxter Dement Gramling, born on March 17, 1886

Coca Cola introduced

33

His daughter, Bertha Almeda Baxter Edwards, born on August 08, 1887

1887 - 1889 Italo-Abyssinian War

1887 New York doctor Ephraim Cutter publishes a book on cancer and the diet.

Malted milk & Georgia pecans introduced

34

1888 Bacteriological Institute opens in Paris for experimentation with animals and production of vaccines and sera. Other institutes open around the world modeled after the Paris Institute.

35

Inauguration of President Benjamin Harrison 1889

Most of Britain's food production becomes industrialized.

Pizza introduced

1890's

36

His son, John Faunzie Baxter, born on March 17, 1890

1890 Emil vin Behring announces discovery of anti-toxins.

Andrew Carnegie writes a series of eleven essays called "The Gospel of Wealth", a treatise which essentially stated that free enterprise and capitalism no longer existed in the United States, because he and Rockefeller owned everything, including the government, and that competition was impossible unless they allowed it. Eventually, says Carnegie, the young children will become aware of this and form clandestine organizations to fight against it. Carnegie proposes that men of wealth form a synthetic free enterprise system based on cradle-to-grave schooling. The people who advanced through schooling would be given licenses to lead profitable lives. All licenses are tied to forms of schooling. This way, the entire economy can be controlled and people have a motivation for them to learn what you want them to learn. It also places the minds of all children in the hands of a few social engineers.

37

Fig Newtons & Knox Gelatine introduced

38

His son, Robert Elmer Baxter, born on November 04, 1892

1892 Cholera epidemic in Hamburg, Germany. Threat of importation into the US forced the establishment of the New York City Health Department division of Pathology, Bateriology and Disinfection.

America takes the lead in world wide sugar consumption, surpassing the British. Sugar consumption would double again by 1920.

39

1893 German Dr.Julius Hensel states that processed flour is devoid of nutrients.

1893 Johns Hopkins Medical School established. Headquarters of German Allopathic Medicine.

First American automobiles produced in 1893

Fudge & Cracker Jacks introduced

Second Inauguration of President Grover Cleveland 1893

40

1894 - 1895 First Sino-Japanese War

Hershey bars & Sen-Sen introduced

41

1895 - 1896 First Italo-Abyssinian War

1895 Diptheria vaccination program begins. Over the period lasting until 1907, 63,249 cases of diptheria were treated with anti-toxin. Over 8,900 died, giving a fatality rate of 14%. Over the same period, 11,716 cases were not treated with anti-toxin, of which 703 died, giving a fatality rate of 6%.

Peanut butter & Salisbury steak introduced

42

His daughter, Mary Charlotte Baxter Norris, born on February 20, 1896

Chop suey & oatmeal cookies introduced

43

1897 AMA formally incorporated, paying $3 fee to State of Illinois.

Chloride of lime first used to sterilize drinking water.

First Inauguration of President William McKinley 1897

Jell-O & 1000 Island dressing & cotton candy & Melba toast & tangelos introduced

44

1898 Marie Curie discovers radium.

1898 Spanish-American War

J.R. Ewald, professor of physicology at Strassbourg University in Germany experiments using brain electrode implants.

Pepsi & Texas sweet onions & jelly beans & candy corn introduced

45

1899 - 1902 Boer War in South Africa

1900's

46

AMA began to achieve goal of replacing existing medical system with allopathy (system that treats diseases with drugs).

Cancer causes 4% of deaths in the United States. Deaths from measles were 13 per 100,000.

U.S. has 8,000 registered automobiles by 1900

47

George W. Baxter married Emma J. Stephens on October 23, 1901

1901 Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research founded.

Peanut butter & jelly introduced

Second Inauguration of President William McKinley 1901

48

His father, Jesse Erwin Baxter, died on October 13, 1902

American Automobile Association (AAA) is founded in 1902 and begins issuing maps to its members

Karo syrup introduced

Nabisco's Animal Crackers introduced

49

His son, James Henry Baxter, born on April 18, 1903

Canned tuna introduced

Pope St. Pius X

50

His child, Bertha Almeda Baxter Edwards, married Walter J. Edwards on January 23, 1904

1904 Eugenics (the study of the hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding) established as a course at University College in London.

Banana splits & Ovaltine introduced

Rand McNally becomes one of the first commercial map publishers to produce road maps in 1904 - some were picture maps showing identifiable landmarks along the roadways

51

George W. Baxter died during 1905

His son, Martin Van Buren Baxter, born on April 20, 1905

1905 Food and Drug Act passed in the United States.

1905 Russo-Japanese War

Inauguration of President Theodore Roosevelt 1905

New York pizza introduced

52

1906 First Pure Food and Drug law in the United States passed.

Investigations into the content of Coca-Cola are halted by the US Secretary of Agriculture.

Kellogg's Corn Flakes introduced

53

1907 Bureau of Chemistry empowered by Congress to police quality of US food.

54

Model T Ford rolls off the production line and first concrete highway built in 1908

55

1909 Rockefeller Sanitary Commission established. Beginning of Rockefeller Foundation.

Inauguration of President William H. Taft 1909

Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) introduced

1910's

56

His child, John Faunzie Baxter, married Ruth Harris on June 20, 1910

Almost one million cars are registered in U.S. by 1910

Dr.James Douglas founds the National Radium Institute for treatments.

First TB Sanitarium opened. TB death rate 180 per100,000.

Japan acquires a source of cheap and abundant sugar on Formosa. Incidence of tuberculosis (TB) rises dramatically in Japan.

Mother Theresa born

57

His wife, Emily Frances Bailey (or McAnally) Stephens Baxter, died during 1911

1911 General vaccination programs against typhoid begin in the United States.

Britain passes the "Official Secrets Act" which prevents future discussion of anything the government deems secret.

Crisco & Junket introduced

58

His child, Mary Charlotte Baxter Norris, married Patric Ervie Norris on April 14, 1912

1912 - 1913 Two Balkan Wars are fought for control of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire

1912 First International Congress of Eugenics at the University of London. The president of the Congress is Leonard Darwin, son of Charles Darwin. One of the first English vice presidents is Winston Churchill. American vice- presidents included Charles Elliot, president emeritus of Harvard, and Alexander Graham Bell. Also attending was Starr Jordon, president of Stanford University.

1912 First whooping cough (Pertussis) vaccine created by two French bacteriologists, Jules Bordet and Octave Gengou, who wanted to use it in Tunisia. After they grew Pertussis bacteria in large pots, they killed it with heat, mixed it with formaldehyde (used to embalm bodies) and injected it into children.

Lincoln Highway Association dedicated to mark an automobile route across the U.S. in 1912

Oreos & maraschino cherries introduced

59

His child, Robert Elmer Baxter, married Sadie Elizabeth Dunn on November 07, 1913

1913 John D. Rockefeller founds Rockefeller Institute with $100 million grant.

First Inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson 1913

The American Cancer Society is formed.

60

1914 - 1918 World War I, initially in Europe, then worldwide

61

1915 A doctor in Mississippi alters the diet of 12 prison inmates and is successful in producing pellagra (a vitamin deficiency disease), using reverse logic in an "attempt to find a cure for the disease".

1915 Tetanus epidemics in trenches of World War I.

1918 Great influenza epidemic

In 1915 Rand McNally produces stencils for local organizations to use to mark name or symbol associated with a particular route along its path

J.P. Morgan organizes control of US newspaper businesses.

Two million cars registered in U.S. by 1915

62

The first evidence of brown mottling of teeth is reported in the United States.

63

1917 - 1918 Russian Revolution

1917 AMA hostile toward compulsory health insurance.

1917 Freud writes "Introduction to Psychoanalysis".

Constituents try and force Harrison Drug Control Act on Coca-Cola and are defeated.

Fifteen states in the US have eugenics laws on the books which authorize sterilization of criminals, epileptics, the retarded and insane.

Moon pies introduced

Outbreaks of encephalitis in China and Europe.

Post WW1 supplies of chlorine designated to be added to water supplies.

Second Inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson 1917

64

1918 - 1919 Great Poland Uprising, Provinz Posen against Germany

1918 - 1919 Poland and Lwow against Westukrainian Republic

1918 - 1920 Estonian Liberation War, Estonia against Soviet Russia and the Germans.

1918 - 1922 Russian Civil War, fought between "the reds" (Communists) and "the whites" (tsarists) directly after the Bolshevist Revolution. US, France and Great Britain also intervened to "kill communism in the crib."

1918 Finnish Civil War, fought between "the reds" (rebellious Socialists) and "the whites" (anti-Socialists) in the aftermath of the Russian Revolutions of 1917. Germany intervened on the side of the Whites.

1918 Polish-Czech war in Teschen Silesia

Fortune cookies introduced

The Espionage Act of 1918

The Surgeon General of the United States issues a report that states that tuberculosis is the leading cause for discharge of men from the Armed Forces.

65

His daughter, Nevada Gertrude Baxter Madden, died on January 26, 1919

1919 - 1921 Polish-Soviet war Poland and Ukrainian Peoples Republic against Soviets

1919 First Silesian Uprising

1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War

Billy Graham born

Death rate from encephalitis accelerates. Between 1919 and 1928, over 500,000 deaths and 1,000,000 cases of neurological impairment were attributed to this disease, which affects males more than females. Recent research indicates that this epidemic was a late manifestation of the post World War I influenza outbreaks, and that both were due to the appearance of a swine flu virus.

Hostess cup cakes introduced

1920's

66

1920 Second Silesian Uprising Silesian Poles against Germany

By 1920 Gulf Oil gives away 16 million maps of eastern U.S. per year

Eskimo Pie & Good Humor & Yoo-hoo introduced

Nobel Prize winner (1931) Dr. Otto Warburg begins conducting experiments with human cells and pathogenesis of cancer.

Prohibition in the US brings narcotics trafficking and large scale organized crime into the US.

67

1921 BCG tuberculosis vaccine developed.

1921 Third Silesian Uprising Silesian Poles against Germany

Ghandi begins agitating against the British opium imports into India. He would be eventually assassinated.

Inauguration of President Warren G. Harding 1921

Wonder Bread, Wheaties & zucchini introduced

68

His child, James Henry Baxter, married Velma Dale Blunt Baxter on December 15, 1922

A study by Samuel Torrey Orton connects emotional disturbance with neurological problems. This insight was lost after World War II when psychology, psychiatry and psychoanalysis became popular, breaking the connection.

Aluminum production (along with production of toxic by-product sodium fluoride) increases. Aluminum cookware is mass introduced in the US, beginning the gradual accumulation of aluminum in the brains of Americans. Additional aluminum is injected into society in "antacids".

By 1922,more than 100 radiologists died from X-ray induced cancer.

Coca-Cola plant built in Ashtabula, Ohio. The drink contains coal tar derivatives, flavoring, and massive amounts of sugar.

Gummi Bears & Clark Bars & Girl Scout Cookies introduced

69

1923 Canadian physician Frederick Banting receives Nobel Prize for discovery of a way to extract the hormone insulin, which permitted control of blood sugar in those with diabetes.

Earl of Inchscape publishes his report which insists that British opium trade must be maintained to protect the revenue of the British Empire, much to the protest of the League of Nations.

Popsicles introduced

70

1924 Dr. Seale Harris of the University of Alabama discovers that sugar can cause hyperinsulinism and recommends people cut sugar consumption. The medical establishment comes down on Harris and his work is suppressed. Harris would be awarded a medal by the AMA 25 years later, as pharmaceuticals to control low blood sugar are developed and put into production.

1924 Heroin, originally created by I.G. Farben, is outlawed as a prescription drug in the United States.

Frozen foods & pineapple upside-down cake introduced

"Monkey Trial" of John T. Scopes in Tennessee after he teaches evolution in his classroom

1925 General vaccine programs against tuberculosis began in the United States.

Danish researcher Thorvald Madsen tries a modified Pertussis vaccine during an epidemic in the Faroc Islands. It did not prevent Pertussis.

I.G. Farben, German chemical industry conglomerate, is reorganized by the Warburgs as a merger between Badische Anilin, Bayer, Agfa, Hoechst, Welierter-Meer, and Griesheim Elektron.

Inauguration of President Calvin Coolidge 1925

General Medical Society for Psychotherapy created in Germany, an international organization.

Ice cream sandwich introduced

1927 Austrian psychiatrist Menfred Sakel develops insulin shock (insulin coma treatment, ICT). Patients are overdosed with insulin, which induces a coma. By 1937, all neuropsychiatric hospitals in Germany would use ICT.

1927 Oliver Wendell Holmes writes the US Supreme Court decision in the case Buck v. Bell. In the case, a psychiatric inmate, Carrie Buck, was chosen for sterilization after having a child because she was deemed "feeble-minded". Justice Holmes wrote, "It is better if society can prevent our being swamped with incompetance".

By 1927 U.S. highway routes become uniformly marked and mapped

Kool-Aid & Pez introduced

Smallpox in England dwindles almost to the vanishing point.

1928 Fleming discovers penicillin.

1928 Third International Congress of Eugenics. At the conference, a Dr. Robie calls for the sterilization of 14 million Americans with low IQ scores.

Development of of the EEG machine and the discovery brain waves.

Edward L.Bernays, nephew to Sigmund Freud, writes the book Propaganda, in which he explains the structure of the mechanism which controls the public mind, and how it is manipulated by those who wish to create public acceptance for a particular idea or commodity. Says Bernays, "those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. Our minds are molded, our tastes are formed, largely by men we have never heard of."

Gerber's baby food & Heath bars introduced

John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil interlocks his empire with I.G. Farben in Germany.

Dr. Wiley's Bureau of Chemisty is dismantled and replaced by the Food Drug and Insecticide Administration, precursor of the FDA. Lists of "dubious compounds in food" were declared "Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS)".

I.G. Farben concluded limited cartel agreements with Dupont Chemical in US.

Inauguration of President Herbert Hoover 1929

Po'Boy & hot Italian sandwiches introduced

Search for more information and photographs of this person:
Return to the Personal Information Page