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The Life and Times of
William Atterbury

This Time Line of the life and times of William Atterbury is designed to include His primary personal and immediate family member life events (shown below in red) along with the context of universal cultural, social, political, military, economic, and health events of those times plus the concurrent technological innovations that may have impacted the lives of William Atterbury and His immediate family members during His lifetime. It is hoped that reviewing His known personal life events within the context of these other various contemporary influences upon His life will help you better understand and appreciate life and times of William Atterbury.

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1700's

1704 Deerfield (Mass.) Massacre of English colonists by French and Indians.

Bach's first cantata.

Jonathan Swift's Tale of a Tub.

July 24-Aug 12, 1704 Capture of Gibraltar by British forces, Battle of Blenheim, Bavaria.

The first newspaper in America, the "Boston News Letter", begins publishing in 1704.

1706 Coffee trees were sent to the botanical garden in Amsterdam from Sri Lanka (where the Dutch had only recently managed to establish plantations, breaking an ancient Arab monopoly). A single tree survived, which was the parent of a tree at the conservatory in Paris. In 1723, de Cliey carried a single offspring from the Paris tree to Martinique, which yielded thousands of trees there by 1777. The Martinique plantations became the source of the first plants to be taken to the various coffee-growing regions of South America.

French are defeated at the Battle of Ramillies near the Belgian village of Ramillies-Offus, forcing them to withdraw from the Netherlands on May 23, 1706

British defeat at Almanza in Spain April 25, 1707

The Act of Union in 1704 joins England, Wales, and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain.

British victory over French at Battle of Oudenarde on July 11, 1708 - later in September the British capture Minorca

Casseroles introduced

Birth

William Atterbury born on June 16, 1709

1709 Famine struck Europe, affecting Prussia on a great scale.

1709 Peter the Great of Russia defeats the Swedes at Poltava.

1709 Plague in Turkey, Russia, Scandinavia and Germany through 1710.

Battle of Malplaquet, September 11, 1709, French defeated in the bloodiest battle of the war at the French village of Malplaquetl

First mass emigration from the Palatinate (modern German areas)

1710's

1

William Atterbury died on April 16, 1710

1710 - 1711 Russo-Turkish War, 1710-11, a part of the Great Northern War

1710 Sheikh Sabah bin Jaber leads his clan into the area now called Kuwait and within the next twenty years establishes an unofficial rule.

650 Palatines and Swiss settle at New Bern, NC in 1710

Root beer introduced

2

1711 British forces, together with the American colonies, attempt to attack Quebec, but are discouraged when a storm in the St. Lawrence sinks nine of their ships.

Marlborough forces the "Non Plus Lines." August 05, 1711

3

1712 Captain Frezier introduced the Chilean strawberry, Fragaria chiloensis, to France. It arrived in Britain a few years later. This plant, along with the North American species taken to France by Jean Robin in 1624, is in the ancestry of today's commercial strawberries.

1712 First record of vaccinations for smallpox in France.

New York Slave Rebellion of 1712, in which Native and African slaves united.

4

April 11, 1713 Peace of Utrecht signed, treaty of which recognizes Iroquois (several tribes of indigenous people of North America based mostly in present-day upstate New York) as British subjects.

Boston Measles Epidemic in 1713

John Needham, an English biologist who would "prove" abiogenesis (life on Earth could have arisen from inanimate matter) works is born.

Queen Anne's War ends in 1713.

5

1714-18 Venice at war with Turkey

George, the German Elector of Hanover becomes King George I, of Britain ruling from 1714 to 1727

King James Authorized Version of the Bible published in Ireland

6

1715 Jacobite nobles lead uprisings in Scotland to try to put James Stuart (son of James II) on the throne. Five year old Louis XV of France succeeds his great grandfather, with the Duke of Orleans as regent.

November 13, 1715 the Jacobite Rebellion in Scotland, defeat of the Jacobites at the Battle of Sheriffmuir.

7

1716 The first certain account of plant hybridization was provided in a letter written by Cotton Mather, discussing the "infection" of Indian corn planted alongside yellow corn. The following year a British hybrid dianthus was described. In 1721 a hybrid cabbage was reported. By 1750 the controversy of sex in plants was in the news. By 1760 plant hybridization was a professional occupation. The study, hybridization, and selection of corn continued. By 1969 scientists understood more about corn genetics than the genetics of any other flowering plant.

8

1717 Innoculation against smallpox instituted in England by Lady Mary Montague after she returns from Turkey, where it was in a popular experimental stage at the time

9

1718 Blackbeard the pirate dies.

1718 Pierre, Duque de Boisbriant appointed first commandant of Illinois by the French.

Catholic English version of NT by Dr. Nary in 1718, much less bulky than Reims- Douay

In November the only son of Peter the Great of Russia dies.

The initial shipment of American ginseng (sent from Canada) arrived in China (Canton). In 1773 shipment began from Boston, with a load of 55 tons on the Hingham. That shipment is said to have earned nearly three dollars a pound, which would have made for substantially profitable cargo. The potential of monetary gain created a strong supply network of North American "seng diggers." Philadelphia records from 1788 indicate that Daniel Boone sold 15 tons of ginseng root to merchants there. Given such levels of harvesting, the American ginseng (Panax quinqefolium) became rare in nature. By 1885 George Stanton had founded his 150-acre Ginseng Farm in New York.

10

1719 Outbreak of the plague in Marseilles, France through 1720.

1720's

11

1720 Fort de Chartres built by French north of Kaskaskia.

1720 Peter the Great of Russia signs treaty with the Chinese permitting trade. Japanese shogun Yoshimune repeals the laws against European books and study.

Area of Illinois was settled by 1720

Augsburg and Marienthal founded in Louisiana

French fries & ketchup introduced

12

Pope Innocent XIII

1721 In the United States, a clergyman named Cotton Mather attempts to introduce a crude form of smallpox vaccination by smearing smallpox pus into scratches in healthy people. Over 220 people are treated during the first six months of experimentation. Only six had no apparent reaction.

1721 Under the Treaty of Uusikaupunki (Nystad) Sweden cedes south-eastern Finland and the Baltic provinces of Livonia, Estonia and Ingria to Russia.

1721-1724 Pope Innocent XIII

13

1722 First church and first stone residence erected at Kaskaskia, in present day Randolph County, in southwestern Illinois.

1722 In Wales, a Dr. Wright refers to inoculation against smallpox in the British Isles as "an ancient practice". A citizen of Wales, 99 years old, states that innoculation had been known and used during his entire lifetime, and that his mother stated it was common during her life, and that she got smallpox through her "innoculation".

Peter the Great of Russia issues an edict saying that the ruler of Russia shall choose his own successor. He established the Table of Ranks which determined a person's position and status according to service to the Emperor (tsar or czar) rather than according to birth or seniority

14

1723 First record of smallpox immunization in Ireland, when a doctor in Dublin inoculates 25 people. Three died, and the custom was briefly abandoned.

15

1724 First record of vaccination for smallpox in Germany. It soon fell into disfavor due to the number of deaths. Years later, doctors were able to reintroduce it.

1724 Most Tulpehocken Delaware inidans migrate to Ohio Valley.

1724-1730 Pope Benedict XIII

Area of Vermont settled by 1724

Pope Benedict XIII

Thomas Pelham-Holles, duke of Newcastle is appointed secretary of state for the British ministry's southern department, with responsibility to supervise the American colonies. His policy is known as "solitary neglect."

16

1725 Catherine I of Russia takes the throne at her husbands death.

Chief Chicagou sent to France by French settlers of Illinois.

Louis XV of France marries Marie Leszczynska, daughter of the King of Poland.

The Academy of Sciences is founded.

17

1726 Johnathan Swift publishes "Guliver's Travels"

18

1727 Coffee planted in Brazil.

1727-1760 George II King of Great Britain crowned.

A Shawnee band migrates from the upper Delaware Valley to the Ohio country.

Area of Kansas settled by 1727

Area of West Virginia settled by 1727

Catherine I of Russia dies, and the grandson of her husband is put on the throne.

Death of Sir Issac Newton on March 31, 1727.

George II succeeds his father George I June 11, 1727

19

1728 Seventh-Day Adventists under Conrad Beissel build Ephrata Cloisters in Pennsylvania

20

1729 Bach's St. Matthew Passion.

1729 Catherine the Great Empress of all the Russias

Boston Measles Epidemic

China banned opium in 1729. That ban on importation would be seriously compromised by the British East India Company until 1839.

Isaac Newton's Principia translated from Latin into English.

Lazzaro Spallanzani, who would attempt to prove that abiogenesis (life on Earth could have arisen from inanimate matter) doesn't work is born in 1729.

The Irish oat famine in 1729 engendered Jonathan Swift's famous pamphlet entitled "A Modest Proposal."

1730's

1730 French instigate a massacre of the Fox nation (The Meskwaki tribe of Native Americans which originally lived east of Michigan along the Saint Lawrence River) that reduced them as an independent force.

1730 Peter II of Russia dies of smallpox. Anna, the niece of Peter the Great, becomes Empress of Russia.

1730-1740 Pope Clement XII

Catholic English version of NT, revision of Reims NT by Dr. Robert Witham

Protestants were expelled from Salzburg, Austria, in 1731. They subsequently founded Ebenezer, Georgia.

1732-3 Worldwide Influenza Epidemic

Benjamin Franklin begins publishing Poor Richard's Almanack in 1732.

By 1732 the black slave population of South Carolina numbered about 32,000 as compared to approximately 14,000 whites. Slavery at this time in South Carolina was driven by rice cultivation. Rice seed imported from Madagascar was grown and harvested by black slaves from rice growing zones of Africa. Thus the early success in rice production in North America was possible due to a skilled, slave labor force.

Don Carlos of Bourbon becomes duke of Parma

J. S. Bach completed his Coffee Cantata in 1732. He stages a daughter making the humorous request

James Oglethorpe and others found Colony of Georgia by Royal Charter in 1732.

The first German-language newspaper, Philadelphische Zeitung, was published in the United States in 1732. German publishing flourished in Philadelphia and in smaller communities such as Ephrata, Pennsylvania.

1733 John Kay invents flying shuttle loom.

1733-1735

After Augustus II dies in 1733, his son (Augustus III) is elected ruler of Poland.

Area of Georgia settled by 1733

Area of Indiana settled by 1733

John Bartram of Philadelphia in 1733 began correspondence with Collinson, Miller, and others. Their exchange is the likely source of pawpaw, sourwood, and other American plants introduced to cultivation in Europe.

John Kay patented the fly-shuttle in 1733, which quickened the weaving of cloth, thus mechanizing weaving - while the generation of thread through spinning remained a cottage industry.

John Peter Zenger, who came to America as an indentured servant from the Palatinate region of Germany, founded a newspaper, The New-York Weekly Journal in 1733. Two years later he was acquitted in a landmark trial involving freedom of the press.

Schwenkfelders, a small American Christian body rooted in the 16th century Protestant Reformation teachings of Caspar Schwenkfeld von Ossig (14891561), from Silesia arrive in Pennsylvania in 1733. His ideas appear to be a middle ground between the ways of the Reformation of Martin Luther, John Calvin and Huldrych Zwingli, and the Radical Reformation of the Anabaptists.

1734 A religious group of seeling religious freedom known as the "Salzburg Protestants ", because they came from the German city of Salzburg where they had been expelled by the local Catholic Archbishop there, come to Georgia

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